Al-Anbiya- The prophets.
Surah number 21, revealed in Makkah, verses 112.
This chapter gets its name form the numerous mentions of Gods prophets in its verses. sixteen of Allah’s Prophets have been mentioned either by name and or by certain main points of their qualities. It speaks of the Day of Judgement, fates of the disbelievers and the believers, and the mercy of God.
Summarizing the entire chapter would befar too long however the verses can be divided into three groups, pertaining to what they talk about;
Verses 1-40 affirm the revelation and commits Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) to his role as the chosen prophet. It declares the oneness of God in his creation, per instance verse number 4: He said, “My Lord knows what is said in the heaven and the earth; and He is the Hearer, the Knower.” And verse number 33: It is He who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon; each floating in an orbit.”
Verses 41-91 seek to draw examples of faith and righteousness through the narratives of earlier prophets.
Verses 92-112 work to conclude the surah with another affirmation of revelation, this time through identification of the divergent fates of the believers and non-believers on the Day of Judgment. The chapter ends with a final exaltation of Allah’s merciful nature. Verse number 112. He said, “My Lord, judge with justice.” And, “Our Lord is the Gracious, Whose help is sought against what you allege.”
The prophets, the main subject of this chapter, here is a list of the divine prophets mentioned in this chapter along with the verse they were introduced.
Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron): 21:48. We gave Moses and Aaron the Criterion, and illumination, and a reminder for the righteous.
Ibrahim (Abraham): 21:51.We gave Abraham his integrity formerly, and We knew him well.
Lot : 21:71. And We delivered him, and Lot, to the land that We blessed for all people.
Ishaq (Isaac) and Yakub (Jacob): 21:72. And We granted him Isaac and Jacob as a gift; and each We made righteous.
Nuh (Noah): 21:76-77. And Noah, when he called before. So We answered him, and delivered him and his family from the great disaster. And We supported him against the people who rejected Our signs. They were an evil people, so We drowned them all.
Daud (David), Suleiman (Solomon): 21:78. And David and Solomon, when they gave judgment in the case of the field, when some people’s sheep wandered therein by night; and We were witnesses to their judgment.
Ayoub (Job): 21:83-84. And Job, when he cried out to his Lord: “Great harm has afflicted me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful. So We answered him, lifted his suffering, and restored his family to him, and their like with them—a mercy from Us, and a reminder for the worshipers
Ismail, Idris (Enoch) and Hizqeel: 85. And Ishmael, and Enoch, and Ezekiel; each was one of the steadfast
Yunus (Jonah): 87-88. And Jonah, when he stormed out in fury, thinking We had no power over him. But then He cried out in the darkness, “There is no god but You! Glory to You! I was one of the wrongdoers!” So We answered him, and saved him from the affliction. Thus We save the faithful.
Zakariyah and Yahya (John):89-90. And Zechariah, when he called out to his Lord, “My Lord, do not leave me alone, even though you are the Best of heirs.” So We answered him, and gave him John. And We cured his wife for him. They used to vie in doing righteous deeds, and used to call on Us in love and awe, and they used to humble themselves to Us.
A tradition has been narrated from the holy Prophet of Islam (S) who said:
“Whoever recites Surah Al-’Anbiya’ Allah will take his reckoning easy, (and also On the Day of Hereafter He will not reckon his deeds strictly), and every prophet whose name has been mentioned in the Qur’an will greet him and shake his hands.”
See you in the next chapter…